Newburn


Newburn
   NEWBURN, a parish, in the district of St. Andrew's, county of Fife, 2 miles (E. S. E.) from Largo; containing, with the village of Drumeldrie-Muir, 419 inhabitants. This place, originally called Drumeldrie, obtained its present name from a stream which, deviating from its ancient course, now intersects the greater portion of the parish. According to tradition, the Culdees had an establishment here in the earliest periods of Christianity; and Malcolm I. is said to have given to these brethren the lands of Balchrystie, where they erected a church, the foundations of which are supposed to have been discovered about the close of the last century, when were dug up on these lands the stones of a very ancient building. The parish is about three and a half miles in length and nearly two miles in breadth, and is bounded on the north by the parishes of Kilconquhar and Largo; on the south by the sea; on the east by Kilconquhar; and on the west by Largo. The surface is pleasingly diversified with hills and valleys, and enlivened with the windings of the burn from which the parish derives its modern name; the scenery is generally interesting, and in some parts beautifully picturesque. The soil is fertile, producing abundant crops; and the pasture and meadow lands along the sea-shore, form a level tract of luxuriant verdure. The number of acres is 2880, of which about 2400 are arable, 350 in pasture, and 130 in plantations; the crops are, oats, barley, wheat, potatoes, peas, and turnips, which last are extremely favourable. The most improved system of husbandry is prevalent, and the farm buildings and offices are substantial and well arranged; the lands are well drained and inclosed, and the fences, chiefly of thorn, are kept in excellent repair. The principal seats are, Lahill, the lands of which have been highly improved; Wester Lathallan, a handsome mansion-house in grounds finely planted; West Coates, a genteel residence; and Balchrystie, a well-situated house surrounded with grounds tastefully embellished. The inhabitants are chiefly employed in agriculture; and for some years a salmon-fishery has been carried on, but with no great profit. The rateable annual value of the parish is £4849. Its ecclesiastical concerns are under the superintendence of the presbytery of St. Andrew's and the synod of Fife. The stipend of the incumbent is £200, for the augmentation of which a process has been for some years before the court of Teinds; the manse, built in 1819, is a commodious residence, and the glebe comprises about twenty-two acres, valued at £30 per annum. The church, which is well situated, was built in 1815; it is a substantial and neat edifice, affording ample accommodation for the whole of the parishioners. The parochial school appears to have originated in an appropriation of lands in 1659 by John Wood, Esq., of Orkie, for the erection of a free grammarschool in this parish, and the maintenance of several poor scholars, who are instructed and maintained by the parochial schoolmaster, to whom the trustees of Mr. Wood pay a liberal allowance. His salary as parochial schoolmaster is £29. 18. 10. per annum, with a house, and the fees average about £14: he is likewise in possession of a garden.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Newburn — (spr. njūbörn), Stadt in der engl. Grafschaft Northumberland, 8 km westlich von Newcastle, am rechten Ufer des Tyne, hat eine alte St. Michaelskirche, große Stahlwarenfabriken, Lachsfischerei und (1901) 12,500 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Newburn —   [ njuːbən], Industriestadt in der Metropolitan County Tyne and Wear, Nordostengland, 42 900 Einwohner; Wohnort für Pendler nach Newcastle upon Tyne; großer Industriepark …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Newburn — Coordinates: 54°58′59″N 1°44′35″W / 54.983°N 1.743°W / 54.983; 1.743 …   Wikipedia

  • Newburn — Recorded as Newborn, Newbourn, Newbourne, Newburn, Newburne and probably others, it is locational and almost certainly English. If so we believe that it originates either from the village of Newbourn in the county of Suffolk, or from Newbourn in… …   Surnames reference

  • Newburn — ▪ neighbourhood, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, United Kingdom       urban area, Newcastle upon Tyne metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear, historic county of Northumberland, England. It lies on the western boundary of the… …   Universalium

  • Newburn — Original name in latin Newburn Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 54.9876 latitude 1.74415 altitude 40 Population 41347 Date 2011 03 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Newburn Steelworks — was a large steel mill on the banks of the River Tyne at Newburn, near Newcastle upon Tyne, North East England. Contents 1 History 2 Haematite Iron Company 3 Newburn power station …   Wikipedia

  • Newburn railway station — Newburn The site of Newburn station in 2008 Location Place Newburn …   Wikipedia

  • Newburn Bridge — viewed from the south east, June 2004 Carries Road Water mains Gas mains Telephone wires Crosses River Tyne …   Wikipedia

  • Newburn Parish, Fife — Newburn is a civil parish in the County of Fife in Scotland. It is located on the north coast of the Firth of Forth and bounded by the parishes of Kilconquhar and Largo. It was originally a rural parish with no major settlement, but with the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.